You must have been told that megapixels are an important factor but are not everything you need to consider when buying a new digital camera under $200. Currently, you are looking to buy one, but you don’t know what makes a good digital camera. So, what do you look for? What specs indicates a good camera?

Does this sound familiar?

You are right about megapixels. A high megapixel rating, the number of megapixels a camera can capture in one shot, implies that too much information will be captured in a limited space, and this could result in noisy photos.

Therefore, you should not just rely on megapixels when choosing a digital camera. However, there are camera specs that can indicate a camera’s image quality potential.

The sensor

Basically, a digital camera sensor is its film. While shooting a photo, this film is exposed to light then the other camera components will record what the sensor has seen. Note that there are numerous types of sensors, but this article will focus on four types of sensors that matter in a good digital camera.

Point-and-Shoot Sensors

These sensors are usually tiny and utilize their small size to pack a lot of information. This results in compromised image quality, which happens in a couple of ways.  First, light is a big problem with small sensors. When these sensors are exposed to low light, the image quality becomes poor because these sensor ‘struggle’ to see the object.  If there is too much light, their performance is also compromised.

When the sensor begins battling with light issues, the camera’s image processing try to compensate by brightening up the dark areas and attempt to pull details from the over-lit areas of the photo. Though this is beneficial, keep in mind it comes with a price too. This reduction makes the images to appear less sharp and remember that small sensors have a problem with sharpness in the first place.

Micro-4/3rds Sensors

These sensors were made as a compromise between the point-and-shoots and huge digital SLR (DSLR) cameras. The primary objective was to offer a compact system with lenses that can be interchanged and offer high-quality photos.

APS-C Sensors

These sensors are significantly bigger than those found in point-and-shoot cameras. They have no problem with lighting and the camera user has control over the vastness of field in an image. However, APS-C Sensors have a problem of crop factor.

Full Frame Sensors

Full Frame Sensors feature in high-end digital SLR cameras, and they don’t have the crop factor problem as compared to the APS-C Sensors.

Well, you will need to compare other specs of a camera to choose one that suits your needs sensors are a crucial factor to consider. From the explanations given above, it is clear that cameras with big sensors tend to produce high-quality images than those with small sensors. Therefore, as you shop for a Digital Camera under $200 to capture your best moments during a holiday or any other adventure, choose the camera with the right sensor.